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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matthiola sp. (artist: Sarah Ann Drake)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Matthiola

See text

  • Acinotum Rchb.
  • Gakenia Heist. ex Fabr.
  • Mathiolaria Chevall.
  • Mattiola Sanguin.
  • Promicrantha Dvorák
  • Triceras Andrz. ex Rchb.

Matthiola (/ˌmæθiˈlə/) is a genus of flowering plant in the mustard family Brassicaceae.[2] It is named after Italian naturalist Pietro Andrea Mattioli (1501–1577). The genus contains about 50 species of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous plants and subshrubs.[1][3][4][5] Many are cultivated for their heavily scented, colorful flowers.

Matthiola incana
Matthiola fruticulosa ssp. fruticulosa
Matthiola incana

The common name stock may be applied to the whole genus, more specifically to varieties and cultivars of Matthiola incana. The common names evening stock and night-scented stock are applied to varieties of Matthiola longipetala (syn. M. bicornis).[6] The common name Virginia stock refers to a separate genus of the same family (Malcolmia maritima).

Matthiola longipetala
Matthiola maderensis
Matthiola tricuspidata



The following species are accepted:[1]



  1. ^ a b c "Matthiola W.T.Aiton". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
  3. ^ Jaén-Molina, R., et al. (2009) The molecular phylogeny of Matthiola R. Br.(Brassicaceae) inferred from ITS sequences, with special emphasis on the Macaronesian endemics. Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(3) 972–81.
  4. ^ Matthiola. Flora of China.
  5. ^ Sanchez, J. L., et al. (2005). Genetic differentiation of three species of Matthiola (Brassicaceae) in the Sicilian insular system. Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine Plant Systematics and Evolution 253(1–4) 81–93.
  6. ^ RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.